Fractions Unit: Day 1 - Kawartha Pine Ridge DSB KNAER Lesson Jr/Int

MO 5 min

A 20 min

C/D 35 - 45 min

60 min

Math Learning Goals

Students will:

  • Represent fractions as parts of a set and as part of a whole
  • Reason about meaning of a fraction and the relationship between numerator and denominator
  • Communicate strengths of different representations for different students and in certain contexts e.g., use of benchmarks to support and refine the meaning of fractions


  • a variety of manipulatives
  • sticky notes

Minds On...

Independent Math Log

Students respond to the prompt: What is a fraction?


Pairs Parallel Task (10 min)

Ask students to select one of the following fractions: 410 or 25, and represent it in at least three different ways. Pairs display all of their representations in their workspace.

Whole Group Gallery Walk (10 min)

Students circulate around the room and review the different representations. Students consider which representation they think most clearly shows the fraction, and indicate their preference by placing a sticky note with their name by their first choice. Ask students to be prepared to discuss any similarities or differences they notice between the representations of 410 and 25.

Scaffold by suggesting different manipulatives for different pairs.

Students may notice that the two fractions are equivalent. Allow them to reason and explore to reach this conclusion.

Consolidate/ Debrief

Whole Group Discussion

Guide the class to organize and name the different types of representations students preferred. Ask students who put their name on a sticky note by each particular representation to explain why they think that one is the most effective. Use prompts such as:

  • What did you find particularly helpful about this representation?
  • I am noticing a lot of students selected (this) model. Why do you think so many of us chose that representation?
  • Why didn’t you pick (the most popular)?
  • I am interested in this representation…. (least picked)
  • One of my favourite representations of 25 is (show a representation that students did not show e.g., position on a number line). Why do you think I like this type of representation?

Push their thinking for each representation by using some of the following questions:

Key Questions:

  • So what does the 4 (2) represent?
  • What does the 10 (5) represent?
  • How are the 4 and the 10 (2 and 5) related?
  • Why is it important for this to be partitioned into equal parts?
  • What do equal parts mean in this model?
  • Where do you think this representation (one they did not show) would belong?

Independent Math Log

Use another colour of ink to build on your note in your Math Log. Be sure to include at least one example of each type of representation that shows your understanding of a fraction.

Include the following types of representations in the discussion:

  • Part to whole measure
    • length (1-D)
    • area (2-D) Include discussion of strengths of rectangular representations over circular representations
    • volume (3-D)
  • Part to whole set with either identical or non-identical shape/size items
  • Part to Part ratio representation which shows numerator : denominator
  • Number
    • Position (point) on a number line
    • Segment of a number line

Home Activity or Further Classroom Consolidation

Find a representation of a fraction outside the classroom. This may be from a newspaper, magazine, or website. Parents or other older siblings may have representations from their experience. Make connections to this fraction representation and your learning from today.